Where is Bali located

Where is Bali Located? History, Climate, Population, Map, & Facts

Bali is an island and province located in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia. It is positioned approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) to the east of Java Island, separated by the narrow Bali Strait. The province covers an area of 2,232 square miles (5,780 square km). In 2000, the province had a population of 3,151,162, which increased to 3,890,757 by 2010.

Geographically

most of Bali is mountainous, serving as an extension of the central mountain chain in Java. The highest peak is Mount Agung, also known as Bali Peak, standing at an impressive height of 10,308 feet (3,142 meters). Locally, it is referred to as the “navel of the world.” Mount Agung is an active volcano that erupted in 1963 after a period of 120 years of dormancy, resulting in the unfortunate loss of over 1,500 lives and leaving thousands of people homeless. The primary lowland area is situated to the south of the central mountains. Bali experiences a dry season during the southeast monsoon, which occurs from May to November. The island’s flora mainly consists of hilly tropical rainforests, resembling those found in Java. Bali is home to some teak trees, and the Balinese hold the giant banyan (waringin) trees in high regard. Tigers can be found in the western part of the island, while deer and wild pigs are abundant.

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Following the triumph of Islam over Hinduism in Java during the 16th century, Bali emerged as a sanctuary for Hindu nobles, priests, and intellectuals. Today, it stands as the sole bastion of Hinduism in the archipelago, with Balinese life revolving around religion, which is a fusion of Hinduism (particularly the Shaivite sect), Buddhism, Malay ancestor worship, and animistic and magical beliefs and practices. The island is dotted with numerous places of worship, and there is a deep-rooted belief in reincarnation. While caste is observed, it is not as strictly enforced as in India, as the majority of the population belongs to the Sudra, the lowest caste. The nobility is categorized into priests (Brahman), the military and ruling royalty (Kshatriya), and the merchants (Vaishya). In certain areas of northern and western Bali, there is a presence of Muslims and Chinese communities, while a small Christian population also exists. The Balinese language possesses its own distinct character compared to eastern Java, but the upper-class dialect incorporates numerous Javanese and Sanskrit words.

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where is bali? rice
where is bali? rice

The province of Bali is home to several notable towns, with Singaraja and Denpasar being the two major ones. Singaraja holds significance, while Denpasar serves as the provincial capital. Other notable towns include Klungkung, renowned for its wood carving, gold, and silver industries; Gianyar, known for its vibrant market; Kuta, Sanur, and Nusa Dua, which are thriving tourist hubs; and Ubud, nestled in the foothills and recognized as a center for European and American artists, boasting a splendid art museum.

In Bali, every village is adorned with temples and an assembly hall, typically situated on a square that serves as a venue for festivals and markets. Each family resides within its own enclosed compound, protected by earthen or stone walls.

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terraced rice fields

Balinese farmers primarily cultivate rice and operate under the organization of cooperative water-control boards. The average farm size is 2.5 acres (1 hectare). Approximately one-fourth of the agricultural land is irrigated, while the remaining area is utilized for cultivating yams, cassava, corn (maize), coconuts, fruits, and occasionally oil palm and coffee crops. The presence of a substantial cattle population is supplemented by smaller livestock. The region houses several meat-processing plants, although fishing plays a minor role in the occupation. Due to the growing population, food needs to be imported. However, Bali engages in exports of beef, pork, coffee, copra, and palm oil. The economy heavily relies on tourism and the sale of handicrafts. An airport is located in close proximity to Denpasar.

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The Balinese people have a deep appreciation for music, poetry, dancing, and festivals. They possess extraordinary skills in arts and crafts and hold a passionate fondness for betting games, particularly cockfighting. A typical Balinese gamelan, which is an orchestra, consists of a variety of percussion instruments, a two-string violin, and a flute. In every village, there is a gamelan club dedicated to the practice and performance of this traditional music. Stage plays and, notably, dancing play an integral role in Balinese life. They serve both magico-religious purposes and storytelling through pantomime. The artistic temperament of the Balinese people is further demonstrated in their sculpture, painting, silverwork, wood carving, bone carving, and even in the creation of animal-shaped wooden coffins used in funeral ceremonies and carried to the cremation grounds.

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History

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Bali propinsi (province), Indonesia

In the 7th century CE, the Balinese people adopted Hinduism after being visited by Chinese traders and Indian literati. Mahendradatta, the mother of Airlangga, who ruled Java from 1019 to around 1049, married Udayana, the Balinese king, leading to an influx of Javanese Hindus migrating to Bali. In 1284, Kertanagara, the last king of Tumapel (Singhasari) in Java, conquered Bali; however, after his death in 1292, the island regained its independence. Bali came under the rule of the Majapahit empire of eastern Java in 1343 and remained under their control until 1478 when the empire was overthrown by Muslims.

The Dutch made their first appearance on Bali in 1597, at a time when the island was divided among various warring Muslim states. In 1882, the Dutch annexed the northern Balinese states of Buleleng and Jembrana. Additionally, during the Dutch invasion of neighboring Lombok Island in 1894, the Balinese prince Anak Agung Ktut was killed. In 1906, the Dutch launched an attack on Denpasar, resulting in the massacre of approximately 3,600 Balinese and the capture of the entire island.

During World War II, Bali was occupied by Japanese forces. In 1946, a battle took place between Dutch troops and Indonesian revolutionary forces in Marga, located in western Bali. The island officially became part of the Republic of Indonesia in 1950. Tragically, in 2002, Bali experienced a terrorist bombing that claimed the lives of around 200 people.

Where is Bali located?

Bali is an island and province located in Indonesia. It is situated in the westernmost part of the Lesser Sunda Islands, which are part of the Indonesian archipelago. Bali lies east of the island of Java and is separated from it by the Bali Strait. It’s a captivating island known for its stunning landscapes and vibrant culture.

Where is Bali?
Where is Bali?

To pinpoint its exact location, Bali can be found at latitude 8.3405° S and longitude 115.0920° E. This tropical paradise covers an area of approximately 2,232 square miles (5,780 square kilometers).

Bali’s strategic position within Southeast Asia makes it easily accessible to travelers from around the world. The Ngurah Rai International Airport, located in Denpasar, Bali’s capital city, serves as the main gateway for international and domestic flights.

Being located near the equator, Bali enjoys a tropical climate, characterized by warm temperatures year-round. Its breathtaking landscapes encompass majestic volcanoes, lush rice terraces, pristine beaches, and dense jungles, providing visitors with a diverse range of natural attractions to explore.

The island’s rich cultural heritage is reflected in its numerous temples, traditional ceremonies, and intricate arts and crafts. Balinese Hinduism, practiced by the majority of the population, plays a significant role in shaping the island’s unique identity and contributes to its spiritual charm.

In recent years, Bali has become a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors seeking relaxation, adventure, and cultural experiences. Whether you’re looking to unwind on idyllic beaches, surf world-class waves, trek through lush forests, or immerse yourself in the local culture, Bali offers a myriad of possibilities for every traveler.

To make the most of your visit to Bali, it’s recommended to plan your itinerary in advance and consider the best time to visit. The dry season, which falls between April and September, is generally regarded as the peak tourist season, offering sunny days and less rainfall. However, the wet season, from October to March, can also be a great time to visit, as the island’s landscapes become even more vibrant and lush.

Places to visit in Bali

Is Bali safe for tourists?

Bali is generally considered safe for tourists. However, it’s always recommended to stay informed about the current travel advisories and exercise common-sense precautions while traveling.

What is the best time to visit Bali?

What is the best time to visit Bali? The best time to visit Bali is during the dry season, which is generally from April to October. During this period, the weather is usually sunny and rainfall is minimal, making it ideal for outdoor activities and beach visits.

What are some popular tourist attractions in Bali?

Bali offers a variety of popular tourist attractions, including the ancient temples of Uluwatu and Tanah Lot, the rice terraces of Tegalalang, the cultural center of Ubud, the beaches of Kuta and Seminyak, and the scenic waterfalls of Gitgit and Sekumpul, among many others.

How do I get around Bali?

Transportation options in Bali include taxis, ride-hailing services, motorbike rentals, and private drivers. Depending on your preferences, you can choose the option that suits you best. However, it’s recommended to use reputable transportation services and be cautious while riding motorbikes.

What is the currency used in Bali?

The currency used in Bali is the Indonesian Rupiah (IDR). It’s advisable to have some local currency on hand for small purchases, but major establishments often accept credit cards.

What are some cultural customs and etiquette to be aware of in Bali?

Respecting Balinese customs and traditions is important. When visiting temples, it’s customary to wear modest attire that covers your shoulders and knees. It’s also polite to ask for permission before taking someone’s photo and to be mindful of local customs and traditions.

What is the local cuisine like in Bali?

Balinese cuisine is known for its vibrant flavors. Some popular dishes include Nasi Goreng (fried rice), Mie Goreng (fried noodles), Babi Guling (suckling pig), and Satay (grilled skewers). Don’t miss the opportunity to try the local delicacies and explore the diverse culinary scene in Bali.

Places to visit in Bali

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